Monday, October 31, 2005
One very neat item is the succint breakdown of the proposals ont eh table re IG so far.
Despite there being eight proposals (from Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, EU, Iran, Japan and Russia), there are essentially three models being proposed.
1. The status quo PLUS: The system continues as is with ICANN in charge and a new forum is created that comes up with solutions to public policy issues i.e. dealing with spam or cybercrime or new top-level domains. (Africa, Argentina, Canada)
2. The hybrid: A new forum is created as well as a new body that is given overall control of ICANN. Essentially the hands-off US government role is replaced with a more hands-on international government consortium. (EU, Japan)
3. The government approach: A new body run by governments which takes over from ICANN. (Brazil, Iran, Russia)
And, as I have written here many times - I totally support Status Quo PLUS, as it si the most likely to succeed, and to get everyone close to what they really want.
October 30, 2005
Worldwide but Homegrown
Some foreign governments are uncomfortable with the United States' controlling the nuts and bolts of the Internet. That is
understandable. So much of the success of the global economy depends on its smooth functioning and the United States has not been a model of receptiveness to other nations' concerns in recent years. There may be a multilateral solution down the road, but right now it is in everyone's best interest to keep control of the Internet where it was founded, in America.
American representatives will have a chance to ease the worries of
America's allies and even its enemies at a digital-world gathering in
Tunisia next month. It will take firmness, but also diplomacy.
Ideally, perhaps, a single nation should not control the essential workings of the Internet - notably the regulation of who gets which
name and what the various "dot" addresses mean. But United States control is working. One suggestion, to switch control to the United Nations, would mean too many cooks in the kitchen, with several of the most interested chefs being of the unsavory sort, like China and Iran.
China's model for the Internet includes filters, censorship and - recently, with the shameful help of Yahoo - surveillance leading to
Since 1998, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers - a nonprofit based in California, but with an office in Brussels and an international board - has handled the complexities of domain names,
Internet Protocol numbers and other technicalities. That way, the rest of us can surf and shop in peace, certain to find our favorite online shops or entertainment, whether we log on in Des Moines or Timbuktu.
It has decided, for example, that this newspaper is to have the only
Web site called www.nytimes.com. The nightmare outcome would be a balkanized Internet, where countries or regions set up their own Webs, leading to duplicate sites, confusion and a breakdown in the effectiveness of the global network. Reasonable people do not want to take that path, so it should be easy to avoid.
That also means, however, no meddling by the United States government in Icann's affairs. The recent fuss over the possible addition of a new top-level domain name for pornographic Web sites - .xxx instead of .com at the end of a Web address - played right into the hands of would-be regulators at the United Nations. Opponents of .xxx, including the conservative Family Research Council, sent nearly 6,000 letters to the Commerce Department over the summer, protesting the proposal. The department sent a letter to Icann asking it to delay a decision.
Regardless of the pros and cons of a top-level domain name for
salacious sites (many pornographers, interestingly, are also against
it because it would make it much easier to block their Web sites), the department's behavior looks a lot like political pressure. That sends the wrong message to moderates in Europe on the issue of Internet control. The United States should not give even the appearance of improper lobbying. If Americans cannot trust the system to run itself, they risk losing it.
Tuesday, October 25, 2005
The greatest press freedom is found in northern Europe (Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Iceland, the Netherlands and Norway), which is a haven of peace for journalists. Of the top 20 countries, only three (New Zealand 9th, Trinidad and Tobago 11th and Canada 18th) are outside Europe.
And it is really interesting that this was not reported on in the local press, but the drop in place on the Transparency index was important news for quite a while!
What does this say about our press? Are they not interested in blowing this trumpet? Of course, it would definitely put a crimp in the current focus on the lack of transparency, fairness, and the total ineffectuality of the current government for the press to report that somethign good is happening here.
Sometimes I wonder if the local mainstream press here in Trinidad and Tobago has an agenda. But that's stupid - of course the media has an agenda. Everyone does. The intelligent question would be - What is the agenda?
Monday, October 24, 2005
Light and Dark
Good and Evil
Violence and non-violence
Matter and Anti-matter
How can the organisers of this march, however well intentioned, not realise that in order to combat dark and negative things, one has to project stronger and more powerful POSITIVE things?
How can they not realise that by promoting a DEATH MARCH that they are releasing even more negative energy, that may very well support and feed into the negativity that surrounds us?
Iin many conversations with people who supported this protest - they repeatedly told me - "it's just words". Words have power. If it was "just words" - why choose THOSE words? It's also not just bad PR. Those words came from a dark place, from somewhere that we don't want to go. It's a mindset. But what does it mean?
What does that phrase mean around the world? What did it mean in Sandakan, Bataan, Darfur, Ethiopia, Cambodia and other places? Death marches mean bodies at the side of the road. It means vultures feasting on children not yet dead. It means people being uprooted from life and family and home. It means starvation. It means state-sanctioned murder.
And people in Trinidad and Tobago turned out massively to participate in this. But they didn't die. They didn't starve to death. They didn't have to dig mass graves at the end of the forced death march, knowing that they were digging their own.
Why not LIFE MARCH? Why not a march to "Take Back Our Country" from the criminals, the drug mafias? Why not call it a Thousand Points of Light? Or fifteen thousand?
Ghandi knew that one cannot combat dark with dark. Martin Luther King knew this. We in Trinidad and Tobago need to learn this. We need to learn to shine light in the dark corners. We need to learn to counter evil with good. We need to understand, and only by doing this can we win. We need to know that it will not be easy. We have all been complicit in this crime wave. We need to understand and accept our own roles before we can make a real change.
And most importantly, we need to be humble. We need to place our still relatively blessed life in context in the world. We need to be unselfish.
But I do not have high hopes of that.
So many people in that march were not marching for the ideal, for the common good, but for themselves. Over and over one hears - I'm marching for my friend who died. I'm marching for my neighbour. So if your neighbour or friend hadn't died, would you care? If you didn't think - me next - would you care?
And I'm afraid that this is the truth. And I hope and pray I'm wrong. Because if I am not, we will never come out the other side of this dark maze of trial, just continue the downward spiral into more and more darkness.
Thursday, October 20, 2005
So far, Caribbean input has been:
The CIVIC mailing list had a quite robust discussion on it, and submitted comments to the WGIG report. CARICOM had a multi-stakeholder forum on IG in September. The Commonwealth ppl and UWI Cave Hill (Roderick Sanatan) had a meeting in Antigua and one in St. Kitts. Currently, the CTU's Spectrum conference ongoing in the Hilton has had some discussions on it.
But in general here, we talk about our regulations and projects and plans in splendid isolation of what's gong on in the rest of the world, and as such miss out on a lot. Best practices, global regulations, etc.
It would be great if IT people in Trinidad took up the mantle to inform, and then we could ourselves participate in the debate over international IG, regional IG and thus down to local/national IG.
However, the article http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/wlg/8147 focuses (as does most press recently) on the issue of ICANN, ITU and the "ownership" of the root. This is not the major issue in Governance, but ti is the political hot button, that has derailed all efforts to truly focus discussion towards solutions on the other 40+ IG issues as elaborated in the WGIG background report (www.wgig.org). Most of the other issues are the ones that are vital and relevant to developing world nations, especially small island states such as T&T.
The author also does not put Wolfgang's views on IG into the proper context. He has written a LOT on IG (as we all have in the past 18 months that we've been on the Working group), and simplification is really not doing justice to a lot of his reasoned and thoughtful analysis.
Wednesday, October 19, 2005
An rare take - considering the unholy alliances that have sprung up to derail the sandboxing of porn on the Net. To me it's such a natural and brilliant idea. It never occurred to me that the anti-porn people would be the ones to object - I thought it would have been the pornographers - objecting to being shoved away into a xxx ghetto. So now, the pornographers who don't want xxx are hand in hand with the people who don't want pornography! What a joke.
Why would they not want to have porn packed away neatly in a place where they know it is? Guess they prefer to have their children exposed to porn at any random time while surfing rather than having the pornographers safely corralled away where they can block the kids (and any one else's) access to the domain.
To me it's such a no-brainer. Create .xxx, have the hosting services and domain registrars apply pressure to pornographers who refuse to move, and then let the filters loose - if Brazil doesn't want its citizens accessing the domain, they can block it at the country level. Of course what does tht say about free speech and the right of adults to explore their natural sexuality?
Monday, October 17, 2005
The Adelphi Charter - Criteria for copyright, patents, trademarks and other intellectual property in the 21st Century
Gilberto Gil, the Brazilian Minister of Culture and a famous musician in his own right, was recently in London to sign the Charter.
It's interesting. There is a school of thought that the Copyright process of the 20th Century was an aberration, and we need to move away from it. I'm not sure of my position on the Charter yet, but I do know that I am very very strong on artists and creators being able to control their intellectual property. But there are places where it's being abused. Especially in the area of agriculture and natural and community property. There is no way that a large corporation should even be able to THINK about registering IP that isn't developed by themselves and then trying to license it back to the people who did develop it. But this isn't necessarily a problem of the Copyright concept, but rather the implementation of it.
Need to think abotu it some more.
Sunday, October 16, 2005
Copyright Resources: "
* Copyright Quiz Part II
* Copyright Quiz Part II & Answers
* Two-Page Copyright Chart in color! From October 2002 Technology & Learning Magazine (HDavidson,October,2002)
* Copyright for Administrators (draft '05) - Word document
* Copyright Table for Administrators (draft '05) - Word document
* Copyright Test Part I - 1st award nominated article - fall 2001
* Copyright Answers Part I - 1st award nominated article - fall 2001
* Copyright Chart - pt. I html version -with citations
* Copyright Chart - pt. 1 html-New! Short Version!
* Copyright Chart - pt. 1 pdf version
* Technology and Learning Feature Article-From October 2002 Technology & Learning Magazine
* Bonus! - Dark Secrets of the Karaoke Masters
* Copyright talk slides .pdf
* Music Resource Handout
* Technology and Learning Feature Article
* SOITA handout"
A huge problem is that this discussion is distracting from a lot of the very important governance issues that could work to creating a fair and equitable Information Society. Development and digital divide issues have been swept aside in the fight over the US control of the DNS. This is stupid and short-sighted, and the governments, especially of the developing countries, are at risk of losing a valuable opportunity to really make a difference.
See some of the stories here:
EU says internet could fall apart
A battle has erupted over who governs the internet, with America demanding to maintain a key role in the
network it helped create and other countries demanding more control.
Where countries stand
Net power struggle nears climax
US administration coming under worldwide pressure over
the net. It is seen as arrogant and determined to
remain the sheriff of the world wide web, regardless
of whatever the rest of the world may think.
House Backs U.S. ICANN Stand
The U.S. House Commerce Committee backed the White
House Thursday and emphatically opposed turning over
governance of the Internet to the U.N..
Moves to give UN net control
PLANS by the UN to take control of the internet have
descended into high farce, with delegates at a meeting
in Geneva tabling nine different proposals but failing
to reach agreement.
Nations squabble over internet management
Delegates at a meeting in Geneva on Monday failed to
reach an agreement on who should control the
internet's addressing system.
U.N. WANTS CONTROL OF THE INTERNET
The UN World Summit on the Information Society met for
the first time in Geneva, Switzerland on Dec. 10-12,
2003 for what would begin a heated international
debate over control of the Internet.
Saturday, October 15, 2005
WSIS Papers Newsletter - August 2005 No. 10
In this issue: E-STRATEGIES: CONSTRUCTING THE INFORMATION SOCIETY
- Global initiatives
- Regional Action Plans - WSIS Tunis Phase
- Regional programs
- Some national experiences
- Analysis and research
- E-strategies in Latin America and the Caribbean
- ICT policy and civil society
Available online at:
The “information society” originally springs up as a conceptual model
that intends to account for the profound alterations experienced by
industrial society in recent decades, mainly prompted by the
technological revolution. Thus, the new informational model is usually
regarded as the desired target being unfailingly approached by
countries. However, the pace of transition to the information society
depends to a large extent on the level of development and wealth of
countries, taking into account the stock of knowledge, capacities and
infrastructure needed to successfully complete such transition.
Therefore, Southern countries fall once again behind the most developed
ones, which have begun this transition from a more favourable starting
Within this context, the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)
comes into existence as a global process that includes the
participation of key actors in terms of information and communication
issues, such as governments, the private sector and the academy. The
Action Plan approved at the first phase of the Geneva Summit has been
broadly criticized , mainly by civil society organizations. Among the
items criticized there are organization topics (the multistakeholder
approach proposed for the Summit’s organization was not taken into
account to draw up such Plan) as well as political and ideological
aspects. For example, the Geneva Action Plan is criticized for having a
way too technical approach, giving priority to issues of access and
extension of infrastructure rather than to policies for capacity
building; it is also criticized for its lack of applicability when
compared to the high diversity of situations registered worldwide.
Likewise, it has been analysed that the type of public-private
partnerships stipulated in the plan run the risk of minimizing state
intervention and the set of public policies needed, thus exclusively
promoting free-market based solutions which fail to ensure the
achievement of the social development goals desired.
In spite of the above limitations with regards to specific results and
notwithstanding the lack of visibility of the Summit if compared to
other global instances, it has managed to introduce the issue of
information society within national agendas. In this way, national
strategies, cyber-strategies or e-strategies become action frameworks
that support the construction of the information society in the
different regions and countries. At global level, international
institutions such as the International Telecommunication Union (ITU),
the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the UN ICT Task
Force have set precedents in terms of designing and promoting this type
One of the outstanding factors related to the success of these
strategies is the implementation of multistakeholder work frameworks in
the design and application phases, so as to achieve wholesome
perspectives based on the comparative views of all actors taking part
in the process (including civil society and the private sector). The
participation of the private sector in these processes is considered
useful and necessary, provided it takes place under state supervision.
The “let the private sector do it” policy usually and undesirably
results in the extension of infrastructure and connection only to those
market zones that are profitable. The information society action plans
also have to deal with the liberalization of the telecommunication
sector, imposed by international financial institutions in a large
number of countries and regions, such as Latin America. The direct
consequence of such reforms has been a decrease in regulations
concerning the private sector’s actions, which results in the loss of
connection between ICTs policies and human rights policies and the
promotion of citizen practices.
The fact that the governments of less developed countries usually
allocate very few resources for investment on this type of plans should
be added to this complex situation. In view of reduced budgets, these
plans are placed second with regards to priorities such as health and
education. Likewise, most of these countries lack government technical
teams trained in these issues, which results in fragmentary and
short-rage policies and in the lack of participation in global
decision-making instances, such as the WSIS. So, in terms of the design
of policies, there is urgent need to consult and include those civil
society organizations specialized in information and communication
issues, which from their experience are capable of making valuable
contributions to the process.
Action plans aimed at approaching the information society should be
considered as state policies rather than as peripheral or accessory
programmes. The current paradigm is aimed at wholesome programmes,
coordinated at a multi-sectoral level and actively incorporated into
development agendas, as being the most effective in the transition
towards the information society. Emphasis should also be placed on
joint regional efforts and regional strategies or plans.
* WSIS Geneva Plan of Action
Source: International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
The first phase of WSIS took place in Geneva hosted by the Government of
Switzerland from 10 to 12 December 2003, where 175 countries adopted a
Declaration of Principles and Plan of Action. The Geneva Plan of Action
was intended to translate the guiding principles of the Declaration
into concrete action lines to advance the achievement of the
internationally-agreed development goals by promoting the use of ICTs.
* WSIS Stocktaking
The WSIS Stocktaking is intended to fulfill the dual purpose of
providing an inventory of activities undertaken by governments and all
stakeholders in implementing the Geneva decisions and taking stock of
the progress made in building the Information Society. The stocktaking
was launched in October 2004 and continues to be updated as a dynamic
portal to this rich source of information, open to all.
* E-Strategies - Empowering Development
ITU's E-strategies main goal consists in assisting developing countries
in harnessing the potentials of ICT to contribute towards reducing the
social divide, improving the quality life, promoting universal access
and facilitating entry into the information society. In all actions,
take into account the needs of rural, isolated and poorly served areas
and people with special needs.
Regional Action Plans - WSIS Tunis Phase
* Latin America and Caribbean Regional Action Plan - eLAC 2007
Source: ECLAC (UN Economic and Social Commission for Latin America and
Approved in the Latin America and Caribbean Regional Conference, held in
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 8-10 June 2005, eLAC 2007 is a regional Plan of
Action for public policy. It aims to provide some middle ground between
the ambitious aims of the global community and the needs associated
with actual conditions in the Latin American and Caribbean countries.
The adoption of concerted measures agreed upon at the regional level is
intended to strengthen national strategies and enable the digital
revolution to make a positive contribution to integration in the region.
* Regional Action Plan towards the Information Society for Asia and the
The High Level Asia-Pacific Conference for the World Summit on the
Information Society was held in Tehran from 31 May to 2 June 2005,
jointly organized by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran,
UNESCAP, UNDP-APDIP, ITU. The Conference adopted the Tehran Declaration
and the Regional Action Plan towards the Information Society for Asia
and the Pacific and discussed follow up and implementation
strategies/activities. PDF format.
* African Commitments for WSIS Tunis 2005
Source: African Regional Preparatory Conference for the WSIS
The African Regional Preparatory Conference for the WSIS was held from
2-4 February, in Accra, Ghana, with the theme "Access - Africa’s key to
an inclusive Information Society". It aimed at preparing Africa for an
effective participation in the second phase of the WSIS and ensuring a
strategic and interdependent digital partnership that would promote
economic growth and human development of the continent. PDF format.
* Western Asia Regional Plan of Action
Source: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
(ESCWA) organized the Second Western Asia Preparatory Conference for
the WSIS to follow up on the first phase of WSIS held in Geneva (2003)
and to prepare for its second phase in Tunis (2005). The Conference,
held in Damascus, Siria, from 22-24 November 2004 was held in
collaboration with international and regional organizations and
prominent private sector institutions. It reviewed the latest actions
taken in member countries to reduce the digital divide in light of the
WSIS-Phase 1 outcome and agreed on a regional plan of action with
specific projects, leading to strategic partnerships for their
implementation. PDF format.
* Connectivity Agenda for the Americas
Source: Inter-American Telecommunication Commission
As part of the Summit of the Americas in Quebec City, Canada on April
20-22, 2001, the Heads of State issued a special document focused on
Connectivity in the Americas. The Connectivity Agenda for the Americas
was created to facilitate the beneficial integration of the hemisphere
into an increasingly knowledge-based society.
* Observatory for the Information Society in Latin America and the
OSILAC stands for the Observatory for the Information Society in Latin
America and the Caribbean. The main objective of OSILAC is to
centralize and harmonize data that serve to monitor the status of what
is known as the "information society" in the Latin American and
Caribbean region. The Observatory provides support for national
statistical institutes in compiling indicators on information and
communication technologies (ICTs) in the region and in employing the
* Africa Information Society Initiative
Source: UN Economic and Social Commission for Africa (UNECA)
As a response to the information society, the Conference of African
Ministers meeting at the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
(ECA), in May 1995, adopted the Africa Information Society Initiative
(AISI). Driven by critical development imperatives, AISI focuses on
priority strategies, programmes and projects, which can help in building
African information societies. A key component of the AISI is the
development of national e-strategies,or the National Information and
Communication Infrastructure policies.
* Collaboration for international ICT policy / East and Southern Africa
Collaboration on International ICT Policy in East and Southern Africa
(CIPESA) is one of two centres established under the Catalysing Access
to Information and Communications Technologies in Africa (CATIA)
initiative. The overall goals for CIPESA are to develop the capacity of
African stakeholders to contribute effectively to international
decision-making on ICT and ICT-related products and services, and on
the role of ICT in development; and to build multi-stakeholder
policy-making capacity in African countries.
* Asia-Pacific Developement Information Programme
APDIP is a UNDP initiative that seeks to promote and establish
information technology (IT) for social and economic development
throughout Asia-Pacific. Launched in 1997 and based in Kuala Lumpur, the
Programme serves 42 countries in a vast region, from Iran in the west,
north to Mongolia and south to the Pacific Islands of Fiji.
* ICT Applications Section / Asia-Pacific
Source: UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP)
The ICT Applications Section of ESCAP's Information, Communication and
Space Technology Division (ICSTD) promotes the use of ICT that
contributes to economic and social development. The Section's activities
focus on key applications identified in the Plan of Action of the first
phase of WSIS and the Tokyo Declaration such as e-governance,
e-business, knowledge sharing, rural ICT services, e-health, distance
education, and the section also supports the activities of the Asian and
Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT).
Some national experiences
* Azerbaijan: National Information Communication Technologies Strategy
To help Azerbaijan in harnessing the potential of information
communication technologies (ICT) for meeting the country's development
goals primarily through assistance in preparation and initial
implementation of a national strategy aimed to "Bridge the Digital
Divide" and through facilitating the development of the country's ICT
* Brazil: Green Book
Source: Sociedade da Informação Brasil
The main purpose of the Brazilian Information Society Program is to
establish the foundations of a nationwide strategic project to
integrate and coordinate the development and employment of advanced
computer, communication and information technologies and their
applications in society. This endeavor will allow the government to
further research and education, as well as assure that the Brazilian
economy is capable of competing on the world market. PDF format.
* Ghana: National ICT Policy and Plan Development Committee
Source: Ministry of Communications Ghana
The National ICT Policy and Plan Development Committee set up by the
Ghana Government is tasked to develop an ICT-led Socio-Economic
Development Policy and the corresponding Plan on the basis of an
extensive national consultative exercise.
* India: National Task Force on IT and Software Development
Source: National Task Force on IT and Software Development
India's National Task Force on IT and Software Development was set up by
the Prime Minister's Office on May 22, 1998, under the Chairmanship of
the Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission. This taskforce had a mandate
to formulate the draft of a National Informatics Policy. A special
website was designed to make the evolution of the Policy transparent.
The Task Force has submitted its reports, including a IT Action Plan,
which can be found online at this website.
* India: Department of Information Technology
Source: Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
In 1999, the Ministry of Information Technology (MIT) was established in
India to facilitate all initiatives in the IT sector. The Ministry was
then merged with the Communications Ministry to form the Ministry of
Communication and Information Technology (MCIT). Currently the
Department of Information Technology (DIT), under the MCIT, works as the
nodal agency for Information Technology. The Department of
Telecommunications and Department of Posts are the two other key
departments under the MCIT. An "action taken" report and a Ministerial
"Ten Point Agenda", set up in May 2004, can be found here among other
important information about India's ICT policies and priorities.
* Jamaica: A five-year Strategic Information Technology Plan
Source: Government of Jamaica
This document endeavors to provide a scheme for achieving social and
economic progress by utilizing Information and Communications
Technology (ICT) as a developmental vehicle. It strives to include all
sectors of the economy in a skillfully designed plan. PDF format.
* Philippines: Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Council
Source: Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Council
In 1994, the National Information Technology Council (NITC) was created
and designated as the central policy body on IT matters in the country.
Four years later in 1998, the Electronic Commerce Promotion Council
(ECPC) was created to be the coordinating body of public-private
partnerships for the promotion and development of e-commerce. In July
2000, NITC and the ECPC were merged, coinciding with the approval of
the Government Information Systems Plan (GISP). The merger resulted in
the Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Council (ITECC).
* Philippines' IT Action Agenda for the 21st Century (IT21)
Source: National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA)
IT21 documents our common vision and presents our nation’s broad
strategy to spur our country to global competitiveness through
information technology. It sets down specific time frames for achieving
* Rwanda: An Integrated ICT-led Socio-Economic Development Policy and
A policy document for the transformation of Rwanda into an
information-rich based society and economy within twenty years.
* South African Information Technology Industry Strategy (SAITIS)
Source: Department of Trade and Industry South Africa
SAITIS is a bilateral project between the South African government,
represented by the Department of Trade and Industry, and the Canadian
Government represented by the Canadian International Development Agency
(CIDA). The purpose of this project is to further the development of
the ICT Sector in South Africa. The strategy is intended to be
complementary to and supportive of broader socio-economic development
goals of the government of South Africa, particularly with regard to its
emphasis on social upliftment and empowerment.
* South Africa's Department of Communications Strategic Plan 2005-2008
Source: Department of Communications
The outcome of the strategic planning exercise has been to define, in
even greater clarity, the role of the Department of Communications
within the country's agenda to achieve economic and social
transformation through ICT's. The objective being to attain a
non-racial and non-sexist society with justice and equality for all
where all the citizens participate in the national processes that lead
towards total transformation. PDF format.
* Tanzania National ICT Policy
Source: APC Africa ICT Policy Monitor
The Tanzania Development Vision 2025 envisages a nation imbued with five
main attributes: high quality livelihood; peace, stability and unity;
good governance; a well educated and learning society; and a strong and
competitive economy capable of producing sustainable growth and shared
benefits. On the other hand, this Policy has articulated ten main focus
areas in harnessing ICT in Tanzania which include strategic ICT
leadership; ICT infrastructure; ICT Industry; Human Capital; Legal and
Regulatory Framework; Productive Sectors; Service Sectors; Public
Service; Local Content; and Universal Access. PDF format.
* Trinidad and Tobago's fastforward agenda
Source: The Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago's fastforward agenda is all about transforming the
country into a knowledge-based society by 2008. Government working with
the public and private sectors, has produced an exciting roadmap that
charts a clear and determined course to an online society and a
knowledge-based economy. fastforward provides farreaching strategies for
the development of a connected country that will adapt, flourish and
prosper in the new global information society.
* Uganda: National Information and Communication Technology Policy
Source: LogosNet - International Labour Office (ILO)
In order for developments in the ICT sector to be addressed
systematically, the Uganda government has formulated an ICT Policy
Framework. The scope of this Policy covers information as a resource for
development, mechanisms for accessing information, and ICT as an
industry, including e-business, software development and manufacturing.
The policy looks at various categories of information from different
sectors, essentially aimed at empowering people to improve their living
Analysis and research
* The centrality of e-strategies in the WSIS Plan of Action
The term ‘e-strategies’ has gained widespread use over the last few
years in the debates on the role of information and communications
technologies (ICTs) for development, following the UN Millennium
Declaration in 2000. This paper explores its meaning in the framework
of the WSIS I outcomes. PDF format.
* National approaches to ICT
Source: Digital Opportunity Initiative (DOI)
This document forms part of the Digital Opportunity Initiative report
"Creating a Development Dynamic". It is focused on the rol that ICTs
must play in national development strategies, and contains descriptions
of national ICT approaches on countries such as Costa Rica, Estonia,
India, Malasia, South Africa and Tanzania. PDF format.
* Why national strategies are needed for ICT-enabled development
Nagy K. Hana
Source: Development Gateway
This paper explores the need for national strategies for ICT-enabled
development. It aims to improve understanding of the challenges and
opportunities of the ICT revolution, and their implications for
development policy and strategies. The paper concludes by outlining the
rationale for designing national strategies for e-development and
options, objectives and major thrust for such strategies in support of
economic growth, poverty reduction and the MDGs. PDF format.
* A global overview of e-strategies
Source: UNICTTF (United Nations ICT Task Force)
A discussion paper for the 5th Session of the United Nations ICT Task
Force in Geneva, September 12 and 13, 2003. This paper is about the
connection between strategies to reduce poverty and strategies to
maximize ICT benefit. It reviews the evolution of ICT strategies region
by region and analyses the connection between e-strategies and poverty
reduction strategies.PDF format.
* Developing National Information and Communications Infrastructure
(NICI) Policies, Plans and Strategies: The 'why' and 'how'
NICI plans and strategies need to reflect overall development
priorities, redefine sectoral policies and support the introduction of
new regulatory framework so as to improve the efficiency and to mobilise
resources for building national information and communication
infrastructure. Attempts are made in this paper to assess the ICT
situation in African countries, to outline the pressing need to
build-up NICI plans and strategies and the various steps to be taken to
enable countries to be part of the information society.
* E-Strategies National, Sectoral and Regional ICT Policies, Plans and
This report assesses the state of national and regional ICT
policies,plans and strategies in Africa. It focuses on the role of ECA
(Economic Comission for Africa) and summarizes major regional and global
initiatives being undertaken in or relevant to Africa. It also
highlights new applications and initiatives in key sectors,and concludes
with lessons learned and the way forward. PDF format.
* An Overview of ICT Policies and e-Strategies of Select Asian Economies
Emmanuel C. Lallana
Source: Asia-Pacific Development Programme
This publication provides a comparative study of ICT policies and
e-strategies of nine Asian countries - India, Japan, Republic of Korea,
Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. It
identifies and analyzes the strengths, weaknesses, similarities and
gaps in policy formulation in Asia. PDF format.
* ICT Policies and e-Strategies in the Asia Pacific: A Critical
Assessment of The Way Forward
Source: Asia-Pacific Development Programme
This book has three distinct areas of focus: an analytical overview of
the ICT policies and e-strategies in the region, fundamentals of policy
formulation and the development process, and thematic priority areas to
be addressed in the conceptualization and development of policies. PDF
E-strategies in Latin America and the Caribbean
* ECLAC: Policy formulation for the information society
Set of documents focusing on the routes made by Latin America and the
Caribbean towards the information society. Alternatives are proposed
for the design of national strategies to be adopted by the countries of
the region, in order to ensure the success of this transition.
* Benchmarking the Plan of Action of the World Summit on the Information
Society (WSIS) in Latin America and the Caribbean
Martin Hilbert, Doris Olaya
This document is the third version of an ongoing exercise to benchmark
the Plan of Action of the World Summit on the Information Society
(WSIS). Graphs and tables are indicative and aim at demonstrating the
current situation of Latin America and the Caribbean countries in
relation to achieving the actions proposed during the 2003 Geneva phase
of WSIS. Conslusions are drawn from the presented evidence in every
field, which results in the particular challenges the region faces in
the transition toward a Latin American and Caribbean Information
* Connecting to Public Policy. An exploration of ICTs and Public Policy
in Latin America and the Caribbean
Katherine Reilly, Ricardo Gómez
Source: Katherine Reilly Net
This report is the main output of the meeting "Public Policy and
Information and Communications Technologies for Social Transformation
in Latin America and the Caribbean," held in San José, Costa Rica,
organised by the PAN Americas program of the International Development
Research Centre (IDRC). The job of this report is to pull out some of
the main lessons learned from the workshop, and areas that were
identified for further exploration and research. PDF format.
* Final Report ICT Policy and Strategic Plan
Source: Red Sobre el Impacto Social de las TIC (RedISTIC)
This is the final of three reports comprising the output of the
Consulting Services in Information & Communication Technology project.
It presents the results of the regional and national consultations and
lists a set of recommendations for the proposed ICT Policy for the OECS
(Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States) region. PDF format.
ICT policy and civil society
* Involving Civil Society in ICT Policy: the World Summit on the
Access to information and communications technologies (ICTs) is
expanding but the majority of people in developing countries are still
excluded, says APC. APC and the CRIS Campaign have been following the
WSIS process and their publication "Involving Civil Society in ICT
Policy: the World Summit on the Information Society" highlights some of
the main issues at stake. PDF format.
* ICT Policy for Civil Society: Training Curriculum
The ICT Policy for Civil Society training course builds the capacity of
civil society organisations to understand policy and regulation related
to information and communication technologies (ICT) so that they can
begin to engage and influence policy processes affecting ICT adoption
and implementation at national, regional and global levels.
* Civil Society and National ICT Programmes: matchmaking
This text was written within the framework of the Project entitled
"Civilian Organisations in the face of National ICT Projects: 4 case
studies" which ITDG carried out with the support of the IDRC. This
project was implemented between December 2002 and June 2004 and
included visits to 4 Latin American countries (Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
and El Salvador), as well as interviews with government representatives
and civilian organizations. Is it possible to refer to the information
society without the participation of the civil society? How can the
'information society' be understood within a poverty context? What
approaches can be used to explain the role to be played by the civil
society with other stakeholders of the information society? Those
questions guided this research. PDF format.
* National ICT policies making in Africa: Implications for CSOs
Source: Social Science Research Council
The gap between expectations and realization in e-strategies suggests
that civil society has a key role in stimulating national ICT polices
in Africa, says the author of this article. PDF format.
* Building the Future: Civil Society's Contribution Towards the
Emergence of the Information Society in Cameroon
Source: APC Africa ICT Policy Monitor
This report describes a partnership building process between the
Cameroonian government, private sector and CSOs in an effort to build
the ICT sector in response to government's perceived failure to do so.
It emphasizes the role of civil society in the formulation of national
ICT policy and strategies and the creation of an enabling environment
for ICT sector growth. PDF format.
* Egypt ICT and Civil Society Country Report
Source: APC Africa ICT Policy Monitor
Egypt's CSO sector is active and far reaching, however despite the
increase in the number of users, and the fact that Internet policy and
regulation is becoming an issue, although only a tiny minority of
activists work in this area. Recent lobbying on the newest
communication bill is an encouraging sign that representatives of civil
society are waking up to the fact that civil society much stake a claim
in ICT policy formulation processes. PDF format.
* Fostering the Capacities of the Ethiopia Civil Society to Influence
Source: APC Africa ICT Policy Monitor
This paper presents the case of civil society organizations in Ethiopia
and discusses how their involvement in ICT policy process can be
improved. Although recent initiatives by the Federal Government in
modernizing its ICT policies and the opening up the telecommunication
sector present windows of opportunities for the civil society to
participate in the policy process, the inherent weakness of the civil
society due to the spread of its efforts along dozens priorities aimed
at responding to the on-going social and economic crisis in the country
makes the participation in ICT policy process rather difficult. PDF
Related Choike's in-depth reports
* World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)
* ICTD within the framework of the MDGs
* Telecentres: a model for social appropriation of ICTs
- "WSIS Papers" and "Choike" are projects of the
Instituto del Tercer Mundo (ITeM) - Third World Institute
- "WSIS Papers" is supported by the
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) / PanAmericas
Wednesday, October 12, 2005
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